The early Spanish explorers of the 1500’s discovered Strawberry Guava, ‘Acca sellowiana O.,’ rising as a local tree in America, the place they have been firmly established from Mexico southward to Peru. Historical past information that Seminole Indians have been rising guava timber in Northern Florida in 1816.
Strawberry Guava, ‘Acca sellowiana O.,’ can develop into timber 25 ft tall and steadily they’re planted by householders as a privateness hedge that’s simply trimmed or grown as an untrimmed windbreak. The guava tree will be skilled to single or a number of trunks by pruning and can develop into a wonderful specimen plant that’s coated with unique flowers throughout late spring. The wooden is grey in shade, and the grain could be very laborious and dense. The leaves are small, distinctly coloured flat inexperienced, making the crops simply acknowledged at a distance.
The guava tree or shrub is gradual rising and requires the planting of two crops for cross-pollination. The tree is chilly hardy to 15 levels Fahrenheit and is salt water tolerant. Bees and hummingbirds go to the purple and yellow flowers, and the pollination visits end in a heavy fruit set.
The guava fruit is classed as a berry by most botanists, and it happens in clusters with particular person berries in sizes slightly below one inch. Every guava berry is roofed by a tough rind and the pulp inside happens in colours of white, pink, or purple.
The guava tree grows finest in partial shade in acidic soils. The crops are just about illness free, and the fruit is normally harvested by shaking off the mature guavas when the colour change happens, then, they’re collected onto sheets or tarps. The fruit will preserve properly in a fridge as much as per week and will be peeled and eaten as contemporary fruit, as a dessert, or in salads. If the fruit is dipped into diluted lemon juice, the colour of the pulp will stay vibrant.
The fruit is commercially made into puddings, pies, juices, and jellies, and is a wealthy supply of Vitamin A and C, in addition to many helpful minerals. The guava is grown commercially in Florida and California, and in lots of southern forests the shrub has develop into naturalized and mistaken as a local historic plant
“Guavaween” is a standard central Florida occasion and fund raiser that’s held yearly to rejoice the appearance of the guava equivalent to parades and festivals which might be scheduled close to Halloween at holidays Ybor Metropolis, Florida, an outskirt of Tampa, Florida. This “Guavaween” occasion is widely known over the last of October every year.
There are a lot of sorts of guavas; one tropical guava, ‘Psidium guajava L.,’ is a crucial crop in Hawaii, with fruit manufacturing exceeding 15 million kilos per 12 months. These guava fruits are technically thought-about to be berries, and the timber develop within the wild on the island of Kuawai as a local plant. Earlier than harvesting, the crops are vigorously pruned, fertilized, and irrigated. Contemporary vigorous shoots develop in response to the pruning, and the scrumptious fruit varieties inside the flowers that mature on the brand new wooden to kind guavas and require about seven months to completely develop.
Most vacationers to Florida final century will bear in mind the numerous vacationer stops on U.S. Freeway #1 and U.S. 41 which have now been remodeled into interstate highways I-1 and I-75. Vacationer outlets corresponding to “Stuckeys” have been loaded with souvenirs corresponding to pecan logs. One of the crucial memorable objects displayed on the market was guava jelly, jam, paste, or some other conceivable product that concerned using the magical fruit of the guava tree. All these little jars of jelly and different guava merchandise have been visually beautiful to the attention, revealing their contents in colours of mint inexperienced, purple, yellow, and blue.