T-shirt producers use many phrases to explain their merchandise. The phrases should not all the time constant and it helps to have a reference information.
The next is the official Inexperienced Man T-Shirts Information to understanding t-shirt phrases:
20s, 20/1, 20s single: Unit of measurement that defines the fineness of cotton thread. An ordinary spool of single-ply cotton thread is comprised of 840 yards of cotton thread. If it takes 20 spools to weigh one pound, then the thread on these spools is known as 20s cotton, or 20/1. If 30 spools weigh one pound, then the thread on these spools is known as 30s cotton thread, or 30/1. If it takes 40 spools to weigh one pound, then the thread on these spools is known as 40s cotton, or 40/1. The upper quantity means a finer thread, and thus a finer, softer material is created. T-shirts fabricated from 30s and 40s are softer, finer, and have higher drape than t-shirts fabricated from 20s. The phrases are used some ways, however it’s the quantity that counts; “20s,” “20/1,” and “20 singles” are the identical. Threads will be twisted collectively into thicker strands. If two 20/1 cotton threads have been twisted collectively, it will be known as 20/2.
Bamboo Material: Rayon comprised of bamboo cellulose. Though rayon is a man-made artificial materials, most consultants agree it’s readily biodegradable. Bamboo material is extraordinarily gentle and has glorious drape.
Bamboo: Quick rising plant, categorised as a grass, which will be readily processed into rayon to make bamboo rayon clothes.
Bleach Wash: A course of that makes use of bleach to melt and misery the look of the material being washed.
Boat Neck: A really large neckline that runs throughout the collarbone space to the shoulder factors. Derives from early sailors’ shirts, the place the large neck enabled fast removing if the sailor fell overboard.
Boy Beater: Girls’s style reply to the spouse beater. A ladies’s tank prime, though it may be any colour.
Brushed Cotton: A way to take away extra lint and fibers from cotton material. Brushed cotton often has a really gentle, easy end.
Burn-Out: A course of that makes use of sulfuric acid or different sturdy acid to “burn-out” components of a cloth knit, often a polyester/cotton mix. The method offers a see-through, very sheer impact.
Cap Sleeves: Normally refers to shorter sleeves on ladies’s clothes.
Carbon Dioxide: CO2. A chemical compound composed of two oxygen atoms and one carbon atom. Generally known as a “greenhouse” fuel due to its relationship with world warming. A couple of t-shirt producers are actually measuring and recording the CO2 emissions concerned in manufacturing their shirts.
Carbon Belief: Unbiased group based in 2001 in Nice Britain that displays carbon emissions. The Carbon Belief works with firms to assist scale back their carbon footprint, and now certifies firms and merchandise as having a “low carbon” or “no carbon” footprint. A couple of t-shirt firms now manufacture “low carbon footprint” t-shirts.
Carding: A fiber cleansing course of that eliminates brief fibers and removes filth and international matter. Carding will be executed by hand or by giant machines utilizing drum rollers. Carded-only cotton isn’t as fascinating as combed cotton.
Cellulase Wash: One other identify for enzyme wash. This provides material a gentle really feel and a classic look, relying on how the wash is finished.
Cellulose: Derived from the cell partitions of sure vegetation. Helpful in guaranteeing varieties of materials, together with acetate, triacetate, and rayon. Bamboo material is definitely rayon comprised of bamboo cellulose.
Low cost Cotton T-Shirt: T-shirts made with carded cotton, utilizing 18/1 thread, often knitted on 20 gauge machines. These t-shirts are coarse, tough, and have poor drapability. Used typically as low cost promotional give-aways.
Local weather Impartial: A time period used to explain an organization, course of, or product that has zero affect on the Earth’s local weather. A couple of t-shirt producers promote their firm as local weather impartial.
CO2: Carbon dioxide. A chemical compound composed of two oxygen atoms and one carbon atom. Generally known as a “greenhouse” fuel due to its relationship with world warming.
Colorfastness: The power of a garment to face up to a number of washings with out shedding its colour.
Combed Cotton: A way to take away brief fibers and to rearrange longer fibers parallel to create a easy, positive cotton yarn. Combed cotton has excessive power, glorious uniformity, and higher hand. Combed cotton prices extra and is utilized in finer t-shirts.
Compacting: A course of that compacts the area between cotton fiber pockets. Helps to scale back shrinking.
Contrasting Stitching: Stitching with a unique colour than the garment. Offers a pleasant design element in t-shirts.
Management Union: A world group that provides certification providers for quite a lot of programs–including many natural certification packages. Certifies USDA Natural, in addition to GOTS (World Natural Textile Normal).
Cotton Jersey: Knitted, very barely stretchy material with a easy flat face and a extra textured however uniform again. Common weight per yard is about 5.5 to six ounces. Fundamental t-shirts are fabricated from cotton jersey. High quality cotton jersey is often smoother and has a lighter weight per yard.
Cotton: A pure fiber that’s the most well-liked on the earth for materials. Cotton fibers are often ½ to 2 inches lengthy. Longer fibers produce finer cotton material. Varieties corresponding to Pima and Egyptian, which characteristic fibers exceeding 1.5 inches, are extra extremely valued than unusual varieties.
Crew Neck: A spherical close-fitting neckline. Most typical neck on t-shirts.
Crop High: A shirt with a brief physique to it; made to show the midriff space.
Double-Needle Stitched: Used totally on sleeve/backside hems and refers to a parallel row of sewing. This kind of stitching offers sturdiness and a cleaner, extra completed look.
Drape, Drapability: Refers to how a cloth hangs. A cloth like bamboo rayon has glorious drape, whereas a rough material like burlap has little or no. T-shirts which have good drape qualities really feel nicer to put on.
Drop Tail: A garment that includes a longer again than entrance.
Eco-Pleasant: Extraordinarily unfastened time period that refers to a product’s “greenness.” Virtually ineffective in realistically assessing a product. Favourite time period utilized by inexperienced washers.
Egyptian Cotton: Cotton produced in Egypt and valued for its lengthy size of fiber. Attire made with true Egyptian cotton is prized for its softness and fineness.
Environmental Justice Basis: A registered charity established in 2000 to assist individuals who endure most from environmental abuses corresponding to pesticide poisoning, water depletion, and soil destruction. Particularly lively in curbing abuses in cotton farming.
Enzyme Washed: A wash course of utilizing particular enzymes to provide a gentle end and easy look to a cloth. Ages dyes to create a particular look to dyed materials. Enzyme washing is bodily much less harsh on the material in comparison with stone washing.
European Reduce: A method of t-shirt that’s narrower than what one usually finds. For instance, a full lower males’s t-shirt, measurement giant, often runs 22 inches throughout the chest (measured one inch under the sleeve). A males’s giant European lower will run about half an inch to 1 inch narrower, typically extra.
Material Dyed: Material dyed earlier than being lower and sewn right into a completed piece of clothes.
Truthful Labor Affiliation: A nonprofit group devoted to ending sweatshop circumstances in factories worldwide. Works to develop Code of Labor Practices, particularly vital within the attire enterprise the place working circumstances have traditionally been so poor.
Truthful Put on Basis: A world group devoted to enhancing garment staff’ lives everywhere in the world. Works with firms that produce clothes and different sewn merchandise and that take duty for his or her provide chain.
High quality Cotton Jersey: Knitted, very barely stretchy material with a easy flat face and a extra textured however uniform again. High quality cotton jersey is often smoother and has a lighter weight per yard than common cotton jersey. T-shirts made with positive cotton jersey have a greater drape and really feel than common t-shirts. Normally made with 30s and better cotton thread, and weighs about Four.three ounces per sq. yard.
Fitted Reduce: Definitions differ, however typically a fitted lower refers to a lower that flatters the physique. Used typically in ladies’s t-shirts, the center part of the shirt will likely be tighter than the highest or backside. General, the shirts run narrower than a primary full lower.
Full Reduce: A beneficiant, roomy lower. In t-shirts, tubular types are typically thought-about full-cut, however there are exceptions. Full Reduce differs from the slimmer European Cuts, Slim Cuts, and Fitted Cuts.
Garment Dyed: Clothes dyed after it has been lower and sewn right into a completed article of clothes.
Garment Washed: A course of the place completed articles of clothes are washed, often with added softeners to enhance the appear and feel of the material.
GMO Free: GMO stands for Genetically Modified Organisms. First used within the 1990s when customers grew to become frightened about genetically modified meals. Many firms now apply the GMO free label on every part from meals to pure materials, like cotton.
GOTS: Stands for World Natural Textile Normal. A mission of the Worldwide Working Group. They’ve developed requirements to make sure natural standing of textiles, from the harvesting, manufacturing, and labeling, to be able to present a reputable assurance to the top shopper. An natural t-shirt that meets the requirements will be GOTS licensed.
Inexperienced: Generic time period utilized by advertising gurus to advertise merchandise. One other favourite time period of “green-washers,” who’re hopping on the environmental bandwagon with none actual dedication.
Inexperienced-Washing: Take off on the time period “white-washing,” however in an environmental context. Corporations that green-wash are paying lip-service to environmental considerations to draw extra enterprise, however have not taken any actual steps to be environmentally accountable.
Hand: The best way a cloth feels to the contact. A cloth that feels gentle and easy is taken into account to have hand.
Hemp Material: Hemp, or Hashish sativa, has been used for cloth for 1000’s of years, principally as an industrial material. Newer processing strategies have made it appropriate for finer clothes, and now it’s utilized in many clothes articles, together with t-shirts. Hemp is valued for its power and sturdiness.
Henley T-Shirt: Much like a collarless polo shirt, a Henley is a pullover t-shirt that includes 2 or three buttons (typically as much as 5 buttons are used, however that is unusual). A Henley will be both brief or lengthy sleeved.
Ice Wash: A way of stone washing the place the stones are first soaked in an answer of potassium permanganate. This methodology produces a frosted look to material.
Interlock Knit: A kind of knit that may be very gentle and has drape. Interlock knit stitches are tighter, extra stretchy than Jersey knit, however much less stretchy than rib knit. Utilized in very positive clothes.
Jersey Knit: Generally present in t-shirts and is essentially the most sturdy of knits. It’s gentle weight, and has positive vertical ribs. The Jersey knit was named after the British Island within the English Channel. High quality cotton Jersey refers to Jersey Knit made with positive cotton threads corresponding to 30s and 40s.
Knit: Defines how the interlocking loops of yarn that make up material have been made. There are a lot of varieties of knits. Jersey Knit is usually present in t-shirts and is essentially the most sturdy of knits. It’s gentle weight, and has positive vertical ribs. Alternatively, rib knits have heavy ribs working down the material, whereas interlock knits are utilized in very positive materials. T-shirt collars are often rib knit.
Muscle Shirt: Sleeveless model t-shirt, however not precisely a tank prime. Fundamental t-shirt, simply with out the sleeves. The shoulder strap portion is far wider than an unusual tank prime.
Neck Tape: A skinny strip of cloth sewn over the seam working throughout the shoulders and neck space. It covers the seam and appears higher than an uncovered sew. Sometimes called “shoulder to shoulder taped.”
OekoTek 100: Certification from the Worldwide Oeko-Tex® Affiliation, which assures customers that the attire they purchase is chemical free and poses no threat to their well being. Below the Oeko-Tex customary, clothes have to be freed from formaldehyde, arsenic, lead, cadmium, and different poisonous chemical substances.
Natural Attire: A time period very loosely utilized within the garment trade. It will probably imply something from 100% natural to as little as 6% natural. Usually mixed with phrases like Eco-Pleasant, Inexperienced, and so forth. Customers should test the labels and confirm the supplies used to see if one thing is actually natural or not.
Natural Cotton: Cotton grown with out using pesticides. Licensed natural cotton has been inspected to insure it actually is natural.
Natural Soil Affiliation: Based in 1946 by a gaggle of farmers, scientists and nutritionists involved concerning the relationship between farming practices and plant, animal, human, and environmental well being. The Natural Soil Affiliation pioneered the primary natural requirements in 1967, and certifies farms and companies that meet these requirements.
Overdyed: A course of the place beforehand dyed clothes or materials are dyed with an extra colour to create a novel look.
Efficiency T: Title for t-shirts manufactured for athletes and out of doors fans. Efficiency Ts are characterised by their breathability, moisture wicking, quick drying, and odor management capabilities. Many efficiency Ts are polyester/cotton blends, or will also be 100% polyester. Bamboo t-shirts, as a result of their absorbency and wicking properties, have develop into often called efficiency t-shirts, though they don’t dry as quick as efficiency t-shirts fabricated from 100% polyester.
PFD: Stands for Ready For Dyeing. Offered this approach to t-shirt customizers who wish to create their very own look with dyes.
Pigment Dyed: A kind of dye that creates a washed out, distressed look.
Pima Cotton: A cotton developed within the U.S. within the early 1900s to compete with Egyptian cotton. It options longer fibers and is used typically in positive males’s and girls’s shirts. The identify Pima comes from the Pima Indians, who helped with the primary crops of the brand new cotton because it was first grown within the U.S.
Pique: A way of knitting that creates a waffle-type, positive textured floor. Used typically in polo shirts.
Polyester: Man-made fiber manufactured from artificial polymers. Used broadly in attire, particularly mixed with cotton in 50/50 blends.
Pre-Shrunk: Refers back to the strategy of pre-shrinking material earlier than it’s lower and sewn. Sometimes it refers to an precise completed garment that has been preshrunk. Clothes that has been preshrunk shrinks much less as soon as the client washes it. Preshrunk cotton t-shirts will nonetheless shrink a bit, nonetheless, particularly if dried utilizing a garments dryer.
Raglan T-Shirt: Model of t-shirt that includes sleeves that run on to the collar. Normally the sleeves are a contrasting colour from the physique. Raglan sleeves are wider below the arms, and are most popular by wearers who need most freedom of motion. Baseball t-shirts often characteristic a raglan sleeve model.
Rayon: Man-made fiber that makes use of plant cellulose as its most important ingredient. Rayon may be very gentle, has glorious drape, and may be very absorbent. Initially developed as a silk substitute.
Rib Knit: Characterised by heavy vertical ribs working down the material. Rib knits are often categorised as 1×1, 2×1 or 2×2. This allows you to know the width of the rib in comparison with the area between. For instance, a 1×1 rib knit or a 2×2 rib knit means the area between every rib is identical width because the ribs. However a 2×1 rib knit means the ribs are twice as large because the areas in between. Rib knit may be very stretchy and is usually used for t-shirt collars, cuffs, and tank tops.
Ring Spun: Refers to yarn made by twisting and thinning a rope of cotton fibers. The continual spinning leads to a softer really feel and stronger yarn. Ring-spun t-shirts are noticeably softer to the contact.
Ringer T: A t-shirt with coloured sleeve bands and matching crew neck. Most ringers are white, with the armband sleeves and crew necks in numerous colours.
Sand Wash: Refers to utilizing sand whereas washing a garment or material to melt and misery it.
Satin Washed: One other time period for silicone washed, which produces a really easy and gentle end to material, and likewise offers the material good draping properties.
Scoop Neck: Huge, gently curved neckline that varies in depth. Favored in ladies’s shirts.
Sheer Jersey: Very gentle weight jersey knit, weighing about three.9 ounces per yard. Somewhat stretchier than positive jersey.
Shoulder to Shoulder Tape: A skinny strip of cloth sewn over the seam working throughout the shoulders and neck space. It covers the seam and appears higher than an uncovered sew.
Shrinkage: Normally refers to cotton attire and the quantity it may be anticipated to shrink. Most cotton t-shirts are pre-shrunk, however Four-5% shrinkage can nonetheless be anticipated.
Facet Seamed: Refers to shirts with a seam working down at both sides below the arm sleeves to the underside hem. Facet seamed t-shirts are dearer to fabricate.
Silicone Washed: Refers to utilizing inert silicone in a washing course of. Produces a really easy and gentle end to material, and likewise offers the material good draping properties.
Singlet: one other time period for a males’s tank prime.
Slim Reduce: A method of t-shirt that’s narrower than what one usually finds. For instance, a full lower males’s t-shirt, measurement giant, often runs 22 inches throughout the chest (measured one inch under the sleeve). A slim lower will run about half an inch to 1 inch narrower, typically extra.
Stonewashed: A washing course of that makes use of lava rocks or typically silicon and rubber balls. This methodology makes material softer and provides it an aged or distressed look. Generally bleach is used on this course of.
Tank High: T-Shirt characterised by skinny shoulder straps and no sleeves. The identify got here from the early time period for swimming swimming pools: swimming tanks.
Taped Seam: Not precise “tape,” however a skinny strip of cloth sewn over the seam working throughout the shoulders and neck space of t-shirts. It covers the seam and appears higher than an uncovered sew.
Tubular Model:A method that has no facet seams; the physique of the t-shirt is spherical and straight. Tubular t-shirts are inexpensive to fabricate, and make up the majority of the cheaper t-shirts.
Unisex T-Shirt: No customary definition exists for a unisex t-shirt, however typically talking a unisex t-shirt is fabricated from lighter weight, positive cotton jersey, facet seamed, and never lower as full as a daily males’s t-shirt. The sleeves should not further brief, like cap sleeves, however should not full elbow lengths both. The physique size is often medium/lengthy. Nonetheless, there are large variations in unisex t-shirts, relying on the producer.
Uzbekistan: Former U.S.S.R. satellite tv for pc that grew to become impartial in 1991 and is infamous for its cotton manufacturing strategies, which embrace compelled baby labor and environmentally harmful practices. Moral attire firms boycott Uzbekistan cotton; nonetheless, many firms do not care and have refused to hitch within the boycott as a result of Uzbekistan cotton is affordable.
V -Neck: Inverted triangle model of neckline. Will be deep or shallow, relying on the model. Normally favored by ladies, however a shallow model v-neck is well-liked amongst males.
Viscose: Usually one other identify for rayon, as in viscose rayon.
Weight: Normally expressed ounces per sq. yard. A 5.5 ounce weight cotton material implies that one sq. yard will weigh 5.5 ounces. High quality jersey cotton materials often have lighter weights, whereas coarser cotton materials have heavier weights.
Spouse Beater: Derogatory time period for a males’s tank prime t-shirt. Normally refers to a primary white tank prime.
Yarn Dyed: Yarn that’s dyed earlier than it’s woven into a cloth.